Natural Skincare: What is it Really?
Healthy clear, beautiful skin is not achieved just by putting skin care products on your skin. You could use the best organic products and still struggle with issues with your skin. It is essential to use natural products as opposed to skin care with synthetic chemical ingredients. Too often the reason you might be experiencing skin problems like blemishes, dry skin, wrinkles, irritation, infection and other issues can be traced to the skincare you are using. There are reactions to chemical ingredients that are not often recognized as the source. Using organic natural products will not harm your skin or your health.
Creating flawless looking skin is best achieved naturally. When you have a naturally beautiful skin, you achieve better overall health as well. Typically, flawless skin is also dependent on how healthy you are internal. The symptoms of nutritional imbalance can show up as skin problems. Stress and emotional problems also can affect your skin. For naturally flawless looking skin you have to be conscious of your diet. Eating a healthy balanced diet is key to beautiful skin and is as much of a factor as what you put on your skin. Avoiding foods with synthetic ingredients, chemicals, preservatives and other potentially toxic ingredients is essential for the condition of your skin. Highly processed, refined foods don't offer much adequate nutrition and often also cause skin problems because of the sugars, salts and bad fats they contain. Eating lots of fresh organic fruits, vegetables and whole grains will give you balance and support your efforts to care for your skin.
What is Natural Skin Care?
Natural skin care is usually understood to refer to those products characterized by the absence of synthetic ingredients, such as preservatives, petrochemical derivatives, mineral oils, fragrances and harsh detergents.
Typically, natural skin care products are made using natural ingredients such as plant oils, essential oils, herbal and floral extracts (both aqueous and waxy), that have been prepared in the "old fashion way", without chemical processing or modification. Sometimes, ethically produced animal derivatives, such as beeswax, may also be present in natural skin care.
Natural skin care made with approved organically produced raw materials and practices can be organically certified by the relevant organic organizations.
Unfortunately, numerous products on the market claim to be either natural or that are cleverly marketed for their unique botanical extract or vitamin, amongst a dense cocktail of synthetic ingredients. These are the "pseudo-natural" products. To help clarify if a skin care product is natural, it is advisable to read the ingredients section in the label.
Why is natural skin care better than synthetic?
Products that are made from ingredients that have been extracted naturally from sustainably maintained plants and crops manifest the essence, the energy, the qualities and the benefits of the source raw material, in ways that synthetics ingredients do not.
Simply put, the geographical location, the soil and the water the plants are grown in, as well as the sun exposure, the seasons and harvesting times contribute to the mature plants and crop yields in unique ways.
These factors cannot be mimicked in the laboratory or controlled nurseries, as the natural exposure to the environmental conditions facilitates the development of subtle differences in the plants. These are then reflected in the quality of the extracted oils, as well as on their specific composition, properties and benefits.
Besides, synthetic ingredients are produced in laboratories using scientific, yet often hazardous processes involving the use of carbon dioxide, propylene glycol or hexane based methods. Although these chemical agents may only be present in trace amounts in the final synthesized ingredients, it is unclear what effect they might have as they accumulate in our bodies, over a prolonged period of exposure.
Of course, some of the natural extracts and oils may also be affected or destabilized by the natural extraction methods used in their preparation. For these reasons, manufacturers of natural skin care products give significant consideration to the sourcing of their raw materials and how natural ingredients are prepared from the latter.
What is Special About Plant Oils?
Plant oils are made up of complex mixtures of different fatty acids (lipids). It is the specific mix and ratio of these fatty acids that determine the unique character of any oil. In addition to the main lipid fraction, there are also other very important bioactive substances such as the phospholipids, phosphatides, phytosterols, phytoestrogens, is flavones and vitamins. These bioactive are known as the unsaponifiable fraction of the oil. They usually are present in small amounts and are unique signatures of the oils (3).
To demonstrate how the oil composition determines the difference in functional properties, the typical fatty acid profile of apricot kernel and borage oils as described in Kusmirek (3) are compared below.
1 - Apricot kernel oil is a mixture of 58 - 74% of oleic acid, 25 - 30% of linoleic, with the remainder 4 - 7% composed of palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic and alpha-linoleic acids. The unsaponifiable content is approximately 0.5 -0.75%.
2 - Borage oil is a mixture of 30 - 40% linoleic acid, 8 - 25% gamma-linoleic acid, 15 - 20% oleic acid, 9 - 12% palmitic acid, 3 - 4% stearic acid, 2 - 6 % eicosanoid acid. The unsaponifiable content is approximately 1%.
Apricot kernel oil is a great nourishing and emollient oil that is easily absorbed. These properties are attributed to the high percentages of oleic and linoleic acids. Furthermore, apricot kernel oil is also an excellent source of vitamin A, present in the unsaponifiable matter.
Borage oil is known for its nourishing and penetrating properties attributed to the presence of linoleic and oleic acids, but also, the high content of gamma-linoleic acid confers its regenerating and firming qualities.
The differences in the properties of apricot kernel and borage oils, as well as those of other oils not discussed here, demonstrate the importance to blend various plant oils for optimal skin care so that the skin is adequately fed, continuously hydrated, smooth feeling and equipped to regenerate efficiently. These are essential to promote a healthy skin glow, regardless of age.
But, even if the synthetics oils were to reproduce the exact mixes and ratios of plant-derived fatty acids and unsaponifiables, it would be nearly impossible to mimic into the synthetic oils the contribution from the energy that is held in the plant, from which the equivalent natural oils were extracted. Thus, natural ingredients are different from their synthetic equivalents.
What about essential oils and other botanicals?
Essential oils are concentrated extracts of aromatic and other volatile plant substances, sometimes containing growth factors known for their regenerative properties. They are the source of the scents of nature and may be used to add fragrance to natural products. Because of their concentrated nature and high cost to produce, only small amounts of essential oils are used in natural skin care. Besides, as essential oils may be irritating to the skin, they should never be used undiluted.
In contrast to oils, floral/herbal waters are the aqueous extracts from flowers/plants. Naturally produced oils and aqueous extracts are made through distillation, steaming, or infusion techniques. These are slow and often inefficient processes that add to cost. But, the products generated using non-synthetic approaches are much safer and healthier than those extracted with the use of artificial methods.
Is there a problem with the variation in natural ingredient batches?
The quick answer is NO!
Certainly, naturally produced ingredients show "batch variation", but this is part of nature, demonstrating the cycles of change. These are natural biorhythms, and as with everything in nature sometimes there is abundant sunshine, other times there are only clouds. Naturally, these weather changes affect the growth patterns of the plants.
This means that periodically some of the natural ingredients may contain a slightly higher or lower percentage of one or even several of the components, but over a period, these variations balance out. The key point is that the overall effect of using natural ingredients is still beneficial in the long run.
Supporters of the mainstream cosmetic industry object to this variation associated with natural ingredients. Instead, they advocate that synthetic ingredients are a far better option to manufacture any products, including skin care. They argue that synthetic ingredients are scientifically controlled, exacting, standardized and can be made reproducibly. But, at the end of the day, they are not natural!
What about preservatives, stabilizers and emulsifiers?
Sure, preservatives and stabilizers extend the shelf-life of any product, natural and synthetic. Because of this recognition European and USA organic and regulatory organizations have approved the use of certain preservatives for which there has been a long-standing accumulation of safety and toxicity data, e.g. blends of dehydro-acetic acid. These preservatives were designed to replace the paraben family of preservatives in the personal care products. Though natural products ought to have the minimal necessary amounts of ingredients.
Without a doubt, preservatives such as the parabens, the phenol derivatives and the denatured alcohols are extremely effective, as they increase the product shelf-life almost indefinitely! But, they are also known to interfere with hormone balance and can be allergenic. They are not health-promoting substances. As they are readily absorbed by the skin and are long lasting, their long-term effects on distal organs are unknown, and thus undesirable.
Interestingly, vitamin E is a powerful natural anti-oxidant, as well as a useful natural preservative for oil blends and emulsified oils. Extracts of rosemary and oregano are also considered natural preservatives because of their anti-bacterial properties. However, these are not frequently used as they impart a strong scent and may give rise to some skin irritation. This is an example of where caution has to be exercised with natural substances. Though these conditions are mostly exceptional than the rule.
Alginic acid obtained from brown algae is sometimes used as a stabilizer. But, allantois, an extract from comfrey root is a more suitable natural stabilizer for skin care preparations.
Emulsifiers are substances that help to prevent the parting of the of oil and water fractions in a cream or lotion. In natural skin care, these include latticing and the wax Cetearyl alcohol. Lecithin is extracted from soya beans and is known to soften the skin and help penetration of the skin care product. Cetearyl alcohol is a mix of the high melting point cetyl and stearyl fatty acids derived from either animal or plant fats. In natural skin care, it is preferable to have plant sourced Cetearyl alcohol. Apart from its high emulsifying properties, this fatty acid mix facilitates maintenance of skin hydration.
So, what's the take home message?
Regardless of some of the limitations of natural skin care, the natural ingredients in these products are still far more beneficial than those that are completely synthetic. Synthetics are unable to reproduce the unique heterogeneous and nourishing character of the natural extracts and oils, as discussed above.
Technology aside, it is also clear that there are major financial gains for manufacturers to use most, if not strictly synthetic ingredients. The cost of producing natural skin care products is of necessity higher than that of synthesizing vast quantities of easy to make and use synthetic ingredients. Compared to their equivalent natural counterparts they afford versatility on the production line, on the shelf-life, as well as on profitability.
These attributes of scientifically designed skin care in the 20th century satisfied the increasing market desire for youth elixirs. However, since the 1960's growing conscious awareness of what was in our food, demand for natural and organic products increased. This requirement extended to the personal care sector also. Indeed, the natural and organic cosmetics market has been the fastest growing sector of the personal care products since the late 1980's.
Fortunately, nowadays, the driver is not purely for skin care that makes you look good, but for products that can achieve this goal with respect for human beings and the environment.
Choosing the Right Skin Care Products
There are a vast amount of products called natural skin care. It is important to beware of the term "natural". This term is used very loosely; it no longer means products labeled natural don't have preservatives, synthetic or chemical ingredients.
Organic is a much stronger term for knowing that a product is pure and free of toxic ingredients. When choosing organic skin care, it is still important to read the label and see what the ingredients are. Some organic products contain ingredients that although they are natural and from a source in nature, they are not ultimately great for your skin. Do your homework. Also, not all organic products are antioxidant rich. Botanical skin care ingredients from plants, fruits, nuts and other sources know for high antioxidant content are what you want to look for. For instance, most plants and fruits grow in the rainforest that is being used in organic skin care products because they are so high in antioxidants.
Natural Organic Antioxidants Are a Must for Flawless Skin
The bottom line for your general health and the look and health of your skin is dependent on a consistent flow of antioxidant-rich foods and skin care products. Free radicals are always attacking your skin cells, the way to fight back and keep these free radicals under control and minimize their negative consequences is with lots of antioxidants. Using organic skin care products that are high in antioxidants can help to keep not only skin cancer away, but also to avoid many common skin diseases, like rosacea, dermatitis, hives, infections, psoriasis, eczema etc. Antioxidants are one of our best aids in combating the negative effects of environmental toxicity. You are surrounded by toxins in the air, water and in the materials you are exposed to. If you are adequately loaded up with antioxidants in both your skin and internally you can combat the effects of environmental toxins.
A good organic skin care product should offer a satisfaction guarantee so you can try the products risk-free. Look for products online and through direct sales from someone you can connect with personally and get ongoing support.